Income related inequalities in mental health in Great Britain: analysing the causes of health inequality over time

J Health Econ. 2003 Mar;22(2):295-312. doi: 10.1016/S0167-6296(02)00101-7.


Using regression techniques this paper estimates the level of income related health inequality in GB in 1992 and 1998. Inequality is decomposed to investigate which socio-demographic factors are important contributors to health differences. The paper includes a range of measured and subjective income variables to control for absolute income. A relative deprivation measure is included to test the impact of income inequality on health inequality. It is found that subjective financial status is a major determinant of ill-health and makes a major contribution to income related inequalities in health. Relative deprivation is an important contributor for women but not for men.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cultural Deprivation
  • Family Characteristics
  • Female
  • Health Status Indicators*
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Income / classification
  • Income / statistics & numerical data*
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Mental Health*
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Econometric
  • Self Concept
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • United Kingdom / epidemiology