Adrenomedullin antagonist suppresses in vivo growth of human pancreatic cancer cells in SCID mice by suppressing angiogenesis

Oncogene. 2003 Feb 27;22(8):1238-42. doi: 10.1038/sj.onc.1206207.


Since it is reported that adrenomedullin (AM) upregulated by hypoxia inhibits hypoxic cell death, we examined the effects of AM antagonist (AM C-terminal fragment; AM(22-52)) on the growth of pancreatic cancer cells. We, for the first time, demonstrated that AM antagonist significantly reduced the in vivo growth of the pancreatic cancer cell line. Immunohistochemical analysis demonstrated that the mean diameter of blood vessels was significantly smaller in the tumor tissues treated with AM antagonist than in those treated with AM N-terminal fragment (AM(1-25)), and that the PCNA-labeling index was lower in the former than in the latter. Then we demonstrated that AM antagonist showed no effect on the in vitro growth of the pancreatic cancer cell line. These results showed that AM played an important role in the growth of pancreatic cancer cells in vivo, suggesting that AM antagonist might be a useful tool for treating pancreatic cancers.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adrenomedullin
  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors / therapeutic use*
  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology
  • Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Cell Hypoxia
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
  • Humans
  • Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit
  • Mice
  • Mice, SCID
  • Neoplasm Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Neoplasm Proteins / genetics
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / drug therapy*
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms / blood supply
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Peptide Fragments / pharmacology
  • Peptide Fragments / therapeutic use*
  • Peptides / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Peptides / pharmacology
  • Peptides / physiology
  • Peptides / therapeutic use
  • Transcription Factors / biosynthesis
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured / drug effects
  • Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays


  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • HIF1A protein, human
  • Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Peptides
  • Transcription Factors
  • adrenomedullin (22-52)
  • Adrenomedullin