Background: Most clinical studies regarding thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) surgery are retrospective comparisons involving heterogeneous groups of patients. Risk models that evaluate susceptibility bias enhance interpretation of these intergroup comparisons. The purpose of this analysis was to derive group risk models for mortality and paraplegia after TAAA repair.
Methods: Data regarding 1,220 consecutive patients undergoing TAAA repair were analyzed via multiple logistic regression with stepwise model selection. Categorical preoperative risk factors that predicted 30-day mortality and paraplegia were used to develop risk models.
Results: Fifty-eight patients (4.8%) died within 30 days and 56 patients (4.6%) developed paraplegia or paraparesis. Predictors of mortality were rupture, renal insufficiency, symptomatic aneurysms, and Crawford extent II repairs. Extent of repair and acute presentation were predictors of paraplegia. The derived risk models estimated mortality and paraplegia rates that correlated well with actual frequencies reported in other contemporary series (regression slopes = 0.87 and 1.06, respectively).
Conclusions: The derived risk models accurately estimate paraplegia and mortality rates in groups of patients. Prospective model validation will be required to confirm their accuracy.