Background and objectives: Heightened awareness of the importance of appropriate pain management in health care delivery has stimulated researchers to examine the impact of patient pain on medical encounters. In this study, we explored how patient pain might influence the physician-patient interaction during medical visits.
Methods: New adult patients (n = 509) were randomized to see primary care physicians in videotaped visits at a university medical center Self-reported patient pain was measured before the visit using the Visual Analog Scale and the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 (MOS SF-36) pain scale; patient sociodemographics were also measured. Physician practice style during the visit was analyzed with the Davis Observation Code (DOC).
Results: Regression analyses revealed that patient pain during the medical visit was associated with the physician spending a greater portion of the visit on technical tasks and a smaller portion on preventive services and other activities designed to encourage the patients' active participation in their own health care.
Conclusions: Patient pain may influence the physician-patient interaction and its outcomes. Primary care physicians should be aware that there may be less focus on patients' active involvement in their own care and less emphasis on providing disease prevention when treating patients who are experiencing pain.