[Heliox in pediatrics]

Rev Med Suisse Romande. 2002 Dec;122(12):637-9.
[Article in French]

Abstract

Heliox is composed of oxygen and helium and its low specific gravity allows a modification of the gas flow within the airway. Breathing heliox favors a laminar flow and therefore decreases the work of breathing. Its usefulness in the child is established in croup or in post-extubation stridor. It can be considered if conventional treatment fails to improve the child's breathing pattern. Its major goal is to avoid invasive manoeuvers as much as possible.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Airway Obstruction / drug therapy*
  • Airway Obstruction / physiopathology
  • Airway Resistance / drug effects
  • Asthma / drug therapy*
  • Asthma / physiopathology
  • Bronchiolitis / drug therapy*
  • Bronchiolitis / physiopathology
  • Child
  • Croup / drug therapy*
  • Croup / physiopathology
  • Helium / chemistry
  • Helium / pharmacology
  • Helium / therapeutic use*
  • Humans
  • Oxygen / chemistry
  • Oxygen / pharmacology
  • Oxygen / therapeutic use*
  • Patient Selection
  • Pediatrics / methods
  • Respiratory Sounds / drug effects*
  • Respiratory Sounds / physiopathology
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Work of Breathing / drug effects

Substances

  • Helium
  • heliox
  • Oxygen