The study of infectious intestinal disease in England: socio-economic impact

Epidemiol Infect. 2003 Feb;130(1):1-11. doi: 10.1017/s0950268802007690.


To assess the socio-economic impact of infectious intestinal disease (IID) on the health care sector, cases and their families, cases of IID ascertained from a population cohort component and those presenting to general practices were sent a socio-economic questionnaire 3 weeks after the acute episode. The impact of the illness was measured and the resources used were identified and costed. The duration, severity and costs of illness linked to viruses were less than those linked to bacteria. The average cost per case of IID presenting to the GP was Pound Sterling253 and the costs of those not seeing a GP were Pound Sterling34. The average cost per case was Pound Sterling606 for a case with salmonella, Pound Sterling315 for campylobacter, Pound Sterling164 for rotavirus and Pound Sterling176 for SRSV. The estimated cost of IID in England was Pound Sterling743m expressed in 1994/5 prices. The costs of IID are considerable and the duration of the illness was found to be longer than previous reports have suggested.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Campylobacter Infections / economics
  • Campylobacter Infections / epidemiology
  • Campylobacter Infections / etiology
  • Campylobacter Infections / pathology
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cohort Studies
  • Communicable Diseases / economics*
  • Communicable Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Communicable Diseases / etiology
  • Communicable Diseases / pathology
  • Cost of Illness*
  • England / epidemiology
  • Family Practice
  • Female
  • Health Care Costs*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Intestinal Diseases / economics*
  • Intestinal Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Intestinal Diseases / etiology
  • Intestinal Diseases / pathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Rotavirus Infections / economics
  • Rotavirus Infections / epidemiology
  • Rotavirus Infections / etiology
  • Rotavirus Infections / pathology
  • Salmonella Infections / economics
  • Salmonella Infections / epidemiology
  • Salmonella Infections / etiology
  • Salmonella Infections / pathology
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • State Medicine / economics
  • Surveys and Questionnaires