Modafinil increases histamine release in the anterior hypothalamus of rats

Neurosci Lett. 2003 Mar 20;339(2):143-6. doi: 10.1016/s0304-3940(03)00006-5.


Modafinil, (RS)-2-(Diphenylmethylsulfinyl)acetamide, is a well known wake promoting drug used for the treatment of narcolepsy. We investigated the effect of modafinil on the hypothalamic histamine release in the anesthetized rat using in vivo microdialysis. Modafinil (150 mg/kg, i.p.) increased histamine release by 150% of the basal release. The intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection of modafinil (1 nmol) also increased histamine release, however, when modafinil (1 nmol) was injected directly into the tuberomammillary nucleus, a limited region where cell bodies of the histaminergic neurons are located, histamine release was not altered. These observations suggest that modafinil may promote waking via the activation of the histaminergic system, although it does not appear to be a direct pharmacological target of modafinil.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Benzhydryl Compounds / pharmacology*
  • Central Nervous System Stimulants / pharmacology*
  • Histamine Release / drug effects*
  • Hypothalamus, Anterior / drug effects*
  • Hypothalamus, Anterior / metabolism
  • Male
  • Microdialysis
  • Modafinil
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar


  • Benzhydryl Compounds
  • Central Nervous System Stimulants
  • Modafinil