Modulation of PECAM-1 expression and alternative splicing during differentiation and activation of hematopoietic cells

J Cell Biochem. 2003 Apr 1;88(5):1012-24. doi: 10.1002/jcb.10451.

Abstract

PECAM-1 (CD31) is a member of immunoglobulin gene superfamily, which is highly expressed on the surface of endothelial cells and at moderate levels on hematopoietic cells. Hematopoietic cells and platelets, like endothelial cells, express multiple isoforms of PECAM-1. However, the identity and physiological role of these isoforms during hematopoiesis remains largely unknown. Here we demonstrate that PECAM-1 expression is dramatically up regulated upon phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) or transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1-mediated differentiation of leukemic HEL and U937 cells. The level of PECAM-1 expression did not significantly change during activation of Jurkat T cells by PMA or phytohaemagglutinin (PHA). Utilizing RT-PCR and DNA sequencing analysis, we show that the expression of PECAM-1 isoforms changes in a cell-type and lineage specific manner during cellular differentiation and activation. We identified a number of novel PECAM-1 isoforms previously not detected in the endothelium. These results demonstrate that regulated expression of PECAM-1 and its exonic inclusion/exclusion occurs during differentiation and/or activation of hematopoietic cells. Thus, different PECAM-1 isoforms may play important roles in generation of hematopoietic cells and their potential interactions with vascular endothelium.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Alternative Splicing / drug effects
  • Alternative Splicing / physiology*
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Differentiation / drug effects
  • Gene Expression Regulation / drug effects
  • Hematopoiesis / physiology
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells / drug effects*
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells / physiology
  • Humans
  • Inflammation / metabolism
  • Jurkat Cells
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Platelet Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 / genetics
  • Platelet Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 / physiology*
  • Protein Isoforms / analysis
  • Protein Isoforms / genetics
  • Protein Isoforms / metabolism
  • RNA / analysis
  • RNA / isolation & purification
  • Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate / pharmacology
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta / pharmacology
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta1

Substances

  • Platelet Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
  • Protein Isoforms
  • TGFB1 protein, human
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta1
  • RNA
  • Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate