A prospective trial of sustained-release bupropion for depression in HIV-seropositive and AIDS patients

Psychosomatics. 2003 Mar-Apr;44(2):120-5. doi: 10.1176/appi.psy.44.2.120.

Abstract

To date, the authors know of no prospective studies of sustained-release bupropion in depressed HIV-seropositive patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of sustained-release bupropion in 20 depressed HIV-positive adult outpatients. Twenty outpatients with HIV spectrum illness, a DSM-IV-diagnosed major depressive disorder confirmed with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV, and Mini-Mental State Examination scores >20 were recruited into a 6-week, open-label, flexible-dose study of sustained-release bupropion (100-300 mg/day). Twelve patients (60%) responded to sustained-release bupropion at a mean dose of 265 mg/day. Five patients (25%) discontinued study participation secondary to adverse events. Preliminary findings suggest that sustained-release bupropion is effective for the treatment of depression in HIV-positive patients, regardless of HIV clinical staging. Furthermore, it appears to be well tolerated in patients with AIDS-related medical conditions.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation / administration & dosage
  • Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation / therapeutic use*
  • Bupropion / administration & dosage
  • Bupropion / therapeutic use*
  • Delayed-Action Preparations
  • Depressive Disorder / complications
  • Depressive Disorder / drug therapy*
  • Female
  • HIV Seropositivity / complications*
  • Headache / etiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Panic Disorder / etiology
  • Prospective Studies

Substances

  • Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation
  • Delayed-Action Preparations
  • Bupropion