Background: Organophosphate intoxication can cause some well-known life threatening acute neurological complications such as seizures, paralysis, neuromuscular and cardiac conduction disorders. Less often, a predominantly motor and delayed axonal neuropathy can occur. This syndrome is due to inhibition of neuropathy target esterase.
Case report: A 30-year-old woman attempted suicide by drinking approximately 1,000mg/kg dimethyl-2,2-dichloro vinyl phosphate (DDVP). After a muscarinic and cholinergic syndrome lasting four days, she developed a purely motor distal axonal polyneuropathy on the fifth week after ingestion confirmed by electroneuromyography and sural nerve biopsy. Neurological examination and electroneuromyography revealed a slight recovery at the end of the 21st month.
Conclusion: This case of late onset polyneuropathy caused by organophosphate intoxication had unusual features such as intact sensory nerves and worse prognosis when compared to previously reported cases.