We have evaluated the feasibility of large-scale isolation of CD133+ progenitors from healthy mobilized adult donors for potential clinical use in autologous and allogeneic transplantation. A total of 11 healthy volunteer adult donors were mobilized with G-CSF. CD133+ stem cells were isolated from a single leukapheresis using the Clinimacs method. The median percentage of CD133 before positive selection was 0.75% (range 0.39-2.03%). After selection, the median purity and recovery was 94% (range 85.2-98.0%) and 69% (range 44-100%), respectively. The median log10 T-cell depletion obtained by CD133+ positive selection was 4.2 (range 3.8-4.7). The CD133+ progenitors were highly enriched in colony-forming units (CFU) and transplantation into NOD/SCID mice resulted in a high engraftment rate. Transplantation of sorted CD133+/CD34+ cells into NOD/SCID mice showed a higher engraftment compared to CD133-/CD34+ cells. Mobilized peripheral CD133+ stem cells can be purified in large scale for potential clinical use. The biological function of the cells is not impaired. The majority of the NOD/SCID repopulating cells are within the CD133+/CD34+ subpopulation. Therefore, clinical studies using purified CD133+ stem cells can be envisoned to further clarify the role of CD133+ stem cells in hematopoietic reconstitution after transplantation.