The effects of exercise on resting blood pressure in children and adolescents: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Prev Cardiol. Winter 2003;6(1):8-16. doi: 10.1111/j.1520-037x.2003.01224.x.

Abstract

Resting blood pressure in children and adolescents can track into adulthood. The purpose of this study was to use the meta-analytic approach to examine the effects of exercise on resting systolic and diastolic blood pressure in children and adolescents. Twelve randomized, controlled trials representing 16 outcomes in 1,266 subjects met the inclusion criteria. Reductions in blood pressure were approximately 1% and 3% for resting systolic and diastolic blood pressures, respectively. However, random-effects modeling using 5000 bootstrap confidence intervals revealed that neither result was statistically significant (systolic, x-bar (x);+/-SEM=-1+/-2; 95% bootstrap confidence intervals=-2 to 0 mm Hg; diastolic, x+/-SEM=-2+/-1; 95% bootstrap confidence intervals=-3 to 0 mm Hg). The results of this study suggest that short-term exercise does not appear to reduce resting systolic and diastolic blood pressure in children and adolescents. However, a need exists for additional studies, especially in hypertensive children and adolescents.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Australia / epidemiology
  • Blood Pressure / physiology*
  • Child
  • Child Welfare
  • Denmark / epidemiology
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Meta-Analysis as Topic
  • Oxygen Consumption / physiology
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Rest / physiology*
  • United States / epidemiology