Finnish Disease Heritage II: population prehistory and genetic roots of Finns

Hum Genet. 2003 May;112(5-6):457-69. doi: 10.1007/s00439-002-0876-2. Epub 2003 Mar 8.


In the second part of my review of the Finnish Disease Heritage (FDH), I discuss the settling of Finland; factors influencing the genes of a population, such as agriculture versus hunting/fishing/gathering, trading and cultural relations, wars and other kinds of violence, and bottlenecks; relatives of the Finns in the light of classical European studies, classical Finnish studies, mtDNA and Y-chromosomal studies; the genes of the Finns today, characterizing FDH, the east-west difference among Finns, and minorities in Finland, viz. the Lapps or Saami and Swedish-speaking Finns.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Agriculture
  • Chromosomes, Human, Y
  • DNA, Mitochondrial
  • Emigration and Immigration
  • Female
  • Finland / epidemiology
  • Genetic Diseases, Inborn* / epidemiology
  • Genetic Diseases, Inborn* / etiology
  • Genetic Diseases, Inborn* / genetics
  • Genetics, Population
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Warfare


  • DNA, Mitochondrial