We present the case of a 13-year-old boy with cystic fibrosis (CF) who developed severe right-sided lung infection with formation of abscess and localized bronchiectasis. The boy's lung disease was complicated by nephrotic syndrome and secondary amyloidosis. Unilateral pneumonectomy was performed, producing significant clinical improvement with a remarkable increase in quality of life which has lasted to the present date, 15 years later. Most patients with CF develop lung disease, which is the main cause of adult mortality in this population. Lung transplantation is currently considered the treatment of choice in severe bilateral lung disease in CF. However, in severe unilateral lung disease such as localized bronchiectasis, surgical resection of the affected lobe or lung is still a worthwhile option as a rescue therapy for patients who are at high risk of dying while waiting for lung transplantation.