The mechanisms that regulate alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid receptor (AMPAR), synthesis, transport, targeting and surface expression are of fundamental importance to understand the molecular basis of fast excitatory neurotransmission and synaptic plasticity in the mammalian CNS. An area of intense current interest is how AMPARs are directed to the correct locations in the neuron as and when required. This is a multi-layered problem, which involves complex spatio-temporal coordination of multiple protein interactions. Considerable progress has been achieved in identifying a number of proteins that bind directly to AMPAR subunits and the functional consequences of blocking some of these interactions have been determined. This review highlights recent developments in the field.