Adjustments in gait symmetry with walking speed in trans-femoral and trans-tibial amputees

Gait Posture. 2003 Apr;17(2):142-51. doi: 10.1016/s0966-6362(02)00066-8.


The effect of increased walking speed on temporal and loading asymmetry was investigated in highly active trans-femoral and trans-tibial amputees. With increasing walking speed, temporal gait variables reduced in duration, particularly on the prosthetic limb, while vertical ground reaction force (vGRF) increased in magnitude, particularly on the intact limb. Thus, temporal asymmetry reduced and loading asymmetry increased with walking speed. The greater force on the intact limb may reflect the method by which the amputees achieve greater temporal symmetry in order to walk fast, and could possibly account for greater instances of joint degeneration in the intact limb reported in the literature.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Physiological
  • Adult
  • Amputation / methods
  • Amputees / rehabilitation*
  • Artificial Limbs
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Femur / surgery
  • Gait / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Postural Balance / physiology
  • Probability
  • Prosthesis Fitting
  • Tibia / surgery
  • Walking / physiology