Primary gastric T-cell lymphoma (PGTL) not associated with human T-lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) is extremely rare and such a case is reported herein. The patient was a 58-year-old Japanese male presenting with submucosal tumor of the stomach identified on endoscopic examination. The lesion was diagnosed as non-Hodgkin's lymphoma by endoscopic biopsy and classified as peripheral T-cell lymphoma, unspecified, due to clonal rearrangement of the T-cell receptor beta (TCR) gene and expression of TCR beta protein in the absence of B-cell genotypes and phenotypes. Unlike previously reported cases of HTLV-I-unassociated PGTL, lymphoma in the current case was characterized histologically as "low grade" and phenotypically as CD4+, TIA-1+, granzyme B+, and CD103-. The lymphoma responded well to chemotherapy and radiation, and the patient was well with no detectable disease 10 months after initiation of therapy. A review of patients with PGTL in the literature revealed a few long-term survivors, and the investigation of therapeutic strategies for PGTL is, therefore, necessary.