Constipation, diarrhea, and symptomatic hemorrhoids during pregnancy

Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2003 Mar;32(1):309-22, vii. doi: 10.1016/s0889-8553(02)00069-9.


Constipation, diarrhea, and symptomatic hemorrhoids are disorders common in the general population, particularly in women. These conditions, if mild, often are self-treated with various home remedies or nonprescription preparations. Few of these patients, moreover, are referred to gastroenterologists, as primary care providers generally are confident managing these conditions, unless they are severe, refractory to conventional management, or require additional diagnostic studies.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Constipation* / diagnosis
  • Constipation* / etiology
  • Constipation* / therapy
  • Diarrhea* / diagnosis
  • Diarrhea* / etiology
  • Diarrhea* / therapy
  • Female
  • Gastrointestinal Agents / therapeutic use
  • Hemorrhoids* / diagnosis
  • Hemorrhoids* / etiology
  • Hemorrhoids* / therapy
  • Humans
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications*


  • Gastrointestinal Agents