Background: Peanut-induced anaphylaxis is an IgE-mediated condition that is estimated to affect 1.5 million people and cause 50 to 100 deaths per year in the United States. TNX-901 is a humanized IgG1 monoclonal antibody against IgE that recognizes and masks an epitope in the CH3 region of IgE responsible for binding to the high-affinity Fc(epsilon) receptor on mast cells and basophils.
Methods: We conducted a double-blind, randomized, dose-ranging trial in 84 patients with a history of immediate hypersensitivity to peanut. Hypersensitivity was confirmed and the threshold dose of encapsulated peanut flour established by a double-blind, placebo-controlled oral food challenge at screening. Patients were randomly assigned in a 3:1 ratio to receive either TNX-901 (150, 300, or 450 mg) or placebo subcutaneously every four weeks for four doses. The patients underwent a final oral food challenge within two to four weeks after the fourth dose.
Results: From a mean base-line threshold of sensitivity of 178 to 436 mg of peanut flour in the various groups, the mean increases in the oral-food-challenge threshold were 710 mg in the placebo group, 913 mg in the group given 150 mg of TNX-901, 1650 mg in the group given 300 mg of TNX-901, and 2627 mg in the group given 450 mg of TNX-901 (P<0.001 for the comparison of the 450-mg dose with placebo, and P for trend with increasing dose <0.001). TNX-901 was well tolerated.
Conclusions: A 450-mg dose of TNX-901 significantly and substantially increased the threshold of sensitivity to peanut on oral food challenge from a level equal to approximately half a peanut (178 mg) to one equal to almost nine peanuts (2805 mg), an effect that should translate into protection against most unintended ingestions of peanuts.
Copyright 2003 Massachusetts Medical Society