Effect of anti-IgE therapy in patients with peanut allergy

N Engl J Med. 2003 Mar 13;348(11):986-93. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa022613. Epub 2003 Mar 10.


Background: Peanut-induced anaphylaxis is an IgE-mediated condition that is estimated to affect 1.5 million people and cause 50 to 100 deaths per year in the United States. TNX-901 is a humanized IgG1 monoclonal antibody against IgE that recognizes and masks an epitope in the CH3 region of IgE responsible for binding to the high-affinity Fc(epsilon) receptor on mast cells and basophils.

Methods: We conducted a double-blind, randomized, dose-ranging trial in 84 patients with a history of immediate hypersensitivity to peanut. Hypersensitivity was confirmed and the threshold dose of encapsulated peanut flour established by a double-blind, placebo-controlled oral food challenge at screening. Patients were randomly assigned in a 3:1 ratio to receive either TNX-901 (150, 300, or 450 mg) or placebo subcutaneously every four weeks for four doses. The patients underwent a final oral food challenge within two to four weeks after the fourth dose.

Results: From a mean base-line threshold of sensitivity of 178 to 436 mg of peanut flour in the various groups, the mean increases in the oral-food-challenge threshold were 710 mg in the placebo group, 913 mg in the group given 150 mg of TNX-901, 1650 mg in the group given 300 mg of TNX-901, and 2627 mg in the group given 450 mg of TNX-901 (P<0.001 for the comparison of the 450-mg dose with placebo, and P for trend with increasing dose <0.001). TNX-901 was well tolerated.

Conclusions: A 450-mg dose of TNX-901 significantly and substantially increased the threshold of sensitivity to peanut on oral food challenge from a level equal to approximately half a peanut (178 mg) to one equal to almost nine peanuts (2805 mg), an effect that should translate into protection against most unintended ingestions of peanuts.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Clinical Trial, Phase II
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / administration & dosage
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / adverse effects
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use*
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin E* / blood
  • Immunoglobulin E* / immunology
  • Immunoglobulin G / immunology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Peanut Hypersensitivity / drug therapy*
  • Peanut Hypersensitivity / immunology


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Immunoglobulin E
  • talizumab