Fractional flow reserve predicts major adverse cardiac events after coronary stent implantation

Z Kardiol. 2002:91 Suppl 3:132-6. doi: 10.1007/s00392-002-1324-y.


Objectives: Determination of fractional flow reserve (FFR) allows the functional assessment of coronary stenoses before and after an intervention. Preliminary data suggest that a FFR > or = 0.94 is associated with an excellent clinical outcome after stent implantation. However, these results were limited both by the number of patients included and the use of non-contemporary stent designs. We sought to determine the prognostic value of FFR measurements in a large patient cohort undergoing coronary stent implantation.

Methods: Eighty-nine consecutive patients were enrolled in whom a stent implantation was performed and a pressure wire was used as a guide wire. Patients were followed for at least 6 months. Death, myocardial infarction (MI) and target vessel revascularization (TVR) were considered cardiac events. A FFR > or = 0.94 was regarded as an optimal functional result.

Results: A complete follow-up was available in all patents. Pre-interventional FFR increased from 0.66 +/- 0.16 to 0.95 +/- 0.05 (p < 0.0001) after stent implantation. Sixteen (18%) events occurred during follow-up including 10 (11.2%) TVR. Final FFR was significantly higher in patients without compared to patients with an event (0.92 +/- 0.06 vs. 0.96 +/- 0.05, p < 0.003). By univariate analysis, the presence of diabetes mellitus, left ventricular function, residual diameter stenosis and final FFR were associated with a worse clinical outcome. In the multivariate analysis, only the final FFR and left ventricular function remained as significant predictors for cardiac events (relative risk, 3.50; 95% CI: 1.29-9.52, P < 0.014, and 0.97; 95% CI: 0.93-1.00, p = 0.047).

Conclusion: These results demonstrate in a nonselected patient cohort a strong correlation between FFR values after coronary stenting and subsequent cardiac events. Further studies have to investigate whether outcome after stenting might be improved by guiding the procedure with a pressure guide wire.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary*
  • Cardiac Catheterization
  • Cohort Studies
  • Coronary Angiography
  • Coronary Circulation*
  • Coronary Disease / diagnosis*
  • Coronary Disease / mortality
  • Coronary Disease / therapy
  • Disease-Free Survival
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Myocardial Infarction / etiology
  • Prognosis
  • Regression Analysis
  • Risk Factors
  • Stents*
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left