Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 9 (3), 384-6

Echinococcus Multilocularis: An Emerging Pathogen in Hungary and Central Eastern Europe?


Echinococcus Multilocularis: An Emerging Pathogen in Hungary and Central Eastern Europe?

Tamás Sréter et al. Emerg Infect Dis.


Echinococcus multilocularis, the causative agent of human alveolar echinococcosis, is reported for the first time in Red Foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Hungary. This parasite may be spreading eastward because the population of foxes has increased as a consequence of human interventions, and this spread may result in the emergence of alveolar echinococcosis in Central Eastern Europe.


Figure 1
Figure 1
Echinococcus multilocularis isolated from a fox in Hungary. Scale bar: 0.5 mm.
Figure 2
Figure 2
Nested polymerase chain reaction amplification of mitochondrial 12S rRNA gene from five Hungarian Echinococcus multilocularis isolates. Lanes A−E: amplification with outer primers; lanes F−J: amplification with inner primers; N, appropriate negative controls; M, molecular weight marker (100 bp).

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 11 PubMed Central articles

See all "Cited by" articles


    1. Deplazes P, Eckert J Veterinary aspects of alveolar echinococcosis–a zoonosis of public health significance. Vet Parasitol. 2001;98:65–87 10.1016/S0304-4017(01)00424-1 - DOI - PubMed
    1. Eckert J, Conraths FJ, Tackmann K Echinococcosis—an emerging or re-emerging zoonosis. Int J Parasitol. 2000;30:1283–94 10.1016/S0020-7519(00)00130-2 - DOI - PubMed
    1. EurEchinoReg. European Network for Concerted Surveillance of Alveolar Echinococcosis: final report. Community program for prevention of AIDS and some other communicable diseases. European Commission, Unité de Recherché SERF, Université de Franche-Comté; 1999. Available from: URL:
    1. Manfredi MT, Genchi C, Deplazes R, Trevisiol K, Fraquelli C Echinococcus multilocularis infection in red foxes in Italy. Vet Rec. 2002;150:757. - PubMed
    1. Hofer S, Gloor S, Müller U, Mathis A, Hegglin D, Deplazes P High prevalence of Echinococcus multilocularis in urban red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and voles (Arvicola terrestris) in the city of Zürich, Switzerland. Parasitology. 2000;120:135–42 10.1017/S0031182099005351 - DOI - PubMed

Publication types

LinkOut - more resources