Improvement of cardiac function by bone marrow cell implantation in a rat hypoperfusion heart model

Ann Thorac Surg. 2003 Mar;75(3):768-73; discussion 773-4. doi: 10.1016/s0003-4975(02)04388-6.


Background: Local bone marrow cell implantation can induce angiogenesis. In the present study we investigated whether angiogenesis induced by bone marrow cell implantation improves deteriorated cardiac function in a rat heart model of hypoperfusion.

Methods: A hypoperfusion heart model was created in Dark Agouti rats by ligating the left anterior descending artery placed against a copper wire (phi275 microm), then pulling out the wire immediately. The left ventricular (LV) anterior wall was injected directly at six points, each with 1 x 10(7) bone marrow cells in 10 microL of phosphate-buffered saline or with phosphate-buffered saline only, respectively. Echocardiography was performed to evaluate the cardiac function 7, 30, 60, and 90 days after treatment. Microvessel density and blood flow in the LV anterior wall were estimated 60 days after treatment.

Results: Both the increase of LV end-systolic diameter and the decrease of percent of fractional shortening caused by myocardial ischemia were attenuated effectively by bone marrow cell implantation treatment. Bone marrow cell implantation treatment also increased the levels of angiopoietin-1 and vascular endothelial growth factor in the LV anterior wall. The microvessel density, blood flow, and thickness of the LV anterior wall significantly also increased after bone marrow cell implantation treatment compared with those after phosphate-buffered saline injection.

Conclusions: The local implantation of autologous bone marrow cells induced angiogenesis and improved the perfusion of ischemic myocardium, thereby preventing LV remodeling and improving deteriorated cardiac function caused by myocardial hypoperfusion.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Angiogenesis Inducing Agents / metabolism
  • Angiopoietin-1
  • Animals
  • Bone Marrow Transplantation*
  • Cardiac Output / physiology*
  • Coronary Circulation / physiology
  • Echocardiography
  • Endothelial Growth Factors / metabolism
  • Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / metabolism
  • Lymphokines / metabolism
  • Male
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism
  • Microcirculation / pathology
  • Microcirculation / physiopathology
  • Myocardial Contraction / physiology*
  • Myocardial Infarction / pathology
  • Myocardial Infarction / physiopathology*
  • Myocardial Ischemia / pathology
  • Myocardial Ischemia / physiopathology*
  • Neovascularization, Physiologic / physiology*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / pathology
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / physiopathology*
  • Ventricular Remodeling / physiology


  • Angiogenesis Inducing Agents
  • Angiopoietin-1
  • Angpt1 protein, rat
  • Endothelial Growth Factors
  • Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Lymphokines
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors