Bioinformatic analysis of the human mu opioid receptor (OPRM1) splice and polymorphic variants

AAPS PharmSci. 2002;4(4):E23. doi: 10.1208/ps040423.


Mu opioid receptor (OPRM1), a member of the G-protein coupled receptor superfamily, mediates the analgesic and euphoric effects of opioid drugs. The sequences of OPRM1 cDNA and reported splice variants were used to search the public and Celera genomic databases. The matched sequences were analyzed to assemble an OPRM1 genomic contig. Human OPRM1 gene was estimated to span at least 90 kb in the chromosome 6q24-25 region. Four coding exons are separated by 3 introns. While intron 2 has only 773 bp, these databases for the first time provide the precise length of and other information about long introns 1 and 3, containing 50 and 27 kb, respectively. When a consensus exon/intron splice junction at the end of the coding exon 3 was not utilized, it may have resulted in continuous translation of the exon to yield the splice variant OPRM1A. The study did not identify human orthologs of other OPRM1 variants that had been reported for mouse OPRM1, although several proposed exons were found to be included in mouse genomic clones. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the OPRM1 gene were also analyzed and summarized, which could provide potential polymorphic markers for molecular genetic studies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Alternative Splicing*
  • Computational Biology
  • DNA, Complementary / analysis
  • Exons
  • Humans
  • Introns
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Molecular Weight
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide*
  • Receptors, Opioid, mu / genetics*
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA


  • DNA, Complementary
  • Receptors, Opioid, mu

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AC055776
  • GENBANK/AC091451
  • GENBANK/AC101798
  • GENBANK/AJ310556
  • GENBANK/AL136444
  • RefSeq/XM_094669