LPS regulate ERK1/2-dependent signaling in cardiac fibroblasts via PKC-mediated MKP-1 induction

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 Mar 28;303(1):74-80. doi: 10.1016/s0006-291x(03)00301-2.


Activation of MAPK pathways by angiotensin II (Ang II) is important for cardiac fibroblast (CFB) proliferation and migration. Activity of MAP-kinases is closely controlled by a group of dual-specific MAP kinase phosphatases (MKPs). Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) and cytokines are elevated in patients with heart failure and may contribute to disease progression. In this study, we investigate the effect of LPS on Ang II-induced CFB function. Pretreatment of CFBs with LPS (1 microg/mL; 30 min) almost completely inhibited Ang II-induced DNA-synthesis and inhibited Ang II directed chemotaxis by more than 80%. Compared to controls, LPS pretreatment significantly reduced phosphorylation levels of ERK1/2- and p38 MAPK and induced MKP-1 levels. Silencing MKP-1 with antisense oligodesoxynucleotides reversed the antimitogenic effect of LPS on Ang II-induced CFB DNA-synthesis and migration. Induction of MKP-1 by LPS was inhibited by the protein kinase C (PKC)-inhibitor calphostin C, but not by the ERK1/2-pathway inhibitor PD98059, suggesting that PKC but not ERK1/2 is required for LPS-mediated MKP-1 induction in CFBs. Our data demonstrate that LPS have direct cellular effects in CFBs through an inhibition of Ang II-induced MAPK activity via PKC-mediated induction of MKP-1. This might be relevant with regard to the decreased MAPK activity and increased levels in MKPs reported during chronic heart failure in humans.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blotting, Western
  • Bromodeoxyuridine / pharmacology
  • Cell Cycle Proteins*
  • Cell Movement
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chemotaxis
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Dual Specificity Phosphatase 1
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Escherichia coli / metabolism
  • Fibroblasts / metabolism*
  • Flavonoids / pharmacology
  • Immediate-Early Proteins / metabolism*
  • Lipopolysaccharides / metabolism*
  • Liposomes / metabolism
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1 / metabolism*
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / metabolism*
  • Myocardium / cytology*
  • Phosphoprotein Phosphatases*
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Kinase C / metabolism*
  • Protein Phosphatase 1
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases / metabolism*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Signal Transduction*
  • Time Factors
  • Transfection


  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Flavonoids
  • Immediate-Early Proteins
  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • Liposomes
  • Protein Kinase C
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
  • Phosphoprotein Phosphatases
  • Protein Phosphatase 1
  • Dual Specificity Phosphatase 1
  • Dusp1 protein, rat
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases
  • Bromodeoxyuridine
  • 2-(2-amino-3-methoxyphenyl)-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one