Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 29 (1), 31-8

Ethanol and Sucrose Self-Administration Components: Effects of Drinking History

Affiliations

Ethanol and Sucrose Self-Administration Components: Effects of Drinking History

Amanda L Sharpe et al. Alcohol.

Abstract

Results of previous studies have shown that when rats consume higher concentrations of ethanol during initiation both the amount consumed and the pattern of consumption change with the return to a lower concentration. In this study, an across-sessions breakpoint procedure in the sipper-tube model was used to examine the effect that experience with drinking higher concentrations (a concentration manipulation) of both ethanol and sucrose had on appetitive and consummatory behaviors. A follow-up study was then conducted in the ethanol-consuming group with across-session breakpoint and intake examined before, during, and after a 3% sucrose/10% ethanol solution was presented in the sipper tube. As ethanol concentration increased, intake was not changed. Exposure to higher ethanol concentrations had no effect on the amount of 10% ethanol consumed when retested. The exposure tended to increase appetitive behavior (breakpoint), but this effect was not unique to ethanol, as rats self-administering 3% sucrose showed a similar increase. When the combined ethanol-sucrose solution was available, a significant increase in both intake and appetitive responding occurred; however, there was no change from prior intake or breakpoint when 10% ethanol was retested. That the addition of sucrose to the ethanol solution significantly increased appetitive and consummatory behaviors supports the suggestion that the composition of the alcoholic beverage can have a strong influence over the control of self-administration. Because most consumption of ethanol by human beings is in solutions that contain mixers that alter the taste of the solution, this taste factor needs to be considered in the regulation of ethanol drinking.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 4 articles

Publication types

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback