National asthma guidelines recommend assessment and documentation of asthma severity at each clinic visit. A cross-sectional medical record review was conducted, which found that only 34% of records had any documentation of severity in the previous 2 years. However, severity documentation is associated with other indicators of quality care such as receipt of an action plan, spacer device, peak flow meter, asthma education, and influenza vaccination. These results suggest that use of a system for classifying asthma severity compels the physician to consider the long-term management of asthma, rather than just acute treatment of the disease. Interventions to improve physician practice should continue to emphasize severity assessment.