'Hip' pain

Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2003 Feb;17(1):71-85. doi: 10.1016/s1521-6942(02)00108-0.


'Hip' pain is usually located in the groin, upper thigh or buttock and is a common complaint. Slipped capital femoral epiphysis, avascular femoral head necrosis and apophyseal avulsion are the most common diagnoses in childhood and adolescents. Strains and fractures are common in sport-active adults. Osteoarthritis occurs in middle-aged and older adults. Trauma may result in femoral head fracture or typical muscle and tendon sprains and bursitis. Septic or inflammatory arthritis can occur at every age. Septic arthritis, fractures and acute epiphyseal slipping are real emergency cases. Congenital dysplasia of the hip joint may lead to labral tears and early osteoarthritis. The most important hip problems in children, adolescents, adult and older people are discussed; these problems originate from intra-articular disorders and the surrounding extra-articular soft tissues. Medical history, clinical examination and additional tests, including imaging, will be demonstrated. Principles of treatment are given for specific disorders.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Fractures, Bone / diagnosis
  • Hip Joint*
  • Humans
  • Joint Diseases / complications
  • Joint Diseases / diagnosis
  • Joint Diseases / therapy
  • Musculoskeletal Diseases / complications
  • Musculoskeletal Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Musculoskeletal Diseases / therapy
  • Pain / etiology*
  • Pain Management