Objective: This study was designed to prospectively investigate the efficacy and cognitive adverse effects of stereotactic bilateral anterior cingulotomy as a treatment for refractory obsessive-compulsive (OCD) patients for 12 months.
Method: Patients were eligible if they had severe OCD and rigorous treatments had been unsuccessful. Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS), Clinical Global Impression (CGI) and neuropsychological tests were used to assess the efficacy and cognitive changes of cingulotomy before and 12 months after operation.
Results: The mean improvement rate of the Y-BOCS scores achieved from baseline was 36.0%. Out of 14 patients six met responder criteria; 35% or higher improvement rate on Y-BOCS and CGI improvement of very much or much better at 12-month follow-up. There was no significant cognitive dysfunction after cingulotomy.
Conclusion: Anterior cingulotomy shows few cognitive adverse effects, with about half of the OCD patients demonstrating significant symptomatic improvement.