Smoking-related interstitial lung diseases: histopathological and imaging perspectives

Clin Radiol. 2003 Apr;58(4):259-68. doi: 10.1016/s0009-9260(02)00525-1.


The present review focuses on the interstitial lung diseases related to smoking. Thus, the pathology and radiology of Langerhans cell histiocytosis, desquamative interstitial pneumonia, respiratory bronchiolitis and respiratory bronchiolitis-associated-interstitial lung disease are considered. The more tenuous association between pulmonary fibrosis and smoking is also discussed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Bronchiolitis / etiology
  • Bronchiolitis / pathology
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell / diagnostic imaging
  • Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell / pathology
  • Humans
  • Lung Diseases, Interstitial / diagnostic imaging*
  • Lung Diseases, Interstitial / etiology
  • Lung Diseases, Interstitial / pathology
  • Middle Aged
  • Pulmonary Fibrosis / etiology
  • Risk Factors
  • Smoking / adverse effects*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed