CC-4047 is a racemic second-generation immunomodulatory drug currently in clinical development for various oncologic indications. It has potent effects on key cytokines including tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin (IL-10), and interferon (IFN-gamma). The S-isomer of CC-4047 has been reported to be the more potent enantiomer of the racemate. In this article we report on the rapid racemization of the S-isomer of CC-4047 in human plasma and phosphate-buffered saline. These results support the further development of the racemate instead of the S-isomer.
Copyright 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.