The Brugada syndrome

Am J Emerg Med. 2003 Mar;21(2):146-51. doi: 10.1053/ajem.2003.50034.


Brugada syndrome describes the syndrome of sudden cardiac death in the setting of the following electrocardiographic findings: right bundle branch block pattern with ST-segment elevation in the right precordial leads. The right bundle branch block may be incomplete while the ST segment elevation is minimal. The electrocardiographic findings are not constant. Patients suspected of having Brugada syndrome should be promptly referred for electrophysiological testing and treatment. Rapid referral and placement of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is associated with an excellent prognosis, whereas failure to diagnose this condition is associated with a high risk for sudden death. Therefore, it is imperative that all emergency physicians be familiar with the typical ECG manifestations of Brugada syndrome. Three illustrative cases are presented with a review of the syndrome.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bundle-Branch Block / diagnosis*
  • Bundle-Branch Block / therapy
  • Child
  • Death, Sudden, Cardiac / etiology*
  • Defibrillators, Implantable
  • Electrocardiography
  • Fatal Outcome
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Syncope / etiology
  • Syndrome
  • Tachycardia, Ventricular / diagnosis*
  • Tachycardia, Ventricular / therapy