Mental retardation (MR) affects an estimated 2-3% of the population. A considerable fraction of mental retardation is due to X-linked genes. Of these genes, about 136 are responsible for syndromic X-linked MR (XLMR). One such XLMR syndrome, Stocco dos Santos, was first described in 1991. This family was re-visited, which allowed further delineation of the clinical phenotype. Additionally, linkage analysis was conducted, which resulted in the localization of this XLMR syndrome to the pericentric region, Xp11.3 to Xq21.1, with a maximum LOD score of 3.14 at loci AR and DXS983.
Copyright 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.