Our aim was to investigate the association of cyclin D1 (G870A) single nucleotide polymorphism with susceptibility to esophageal and cardiac carcinoma in a northern Chinese population. By polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism analysis, cyclin D1 (G870A) genotyping was carried out among 120 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), 87 patients with gastric cardiac adenocarcinoma (CAC), and 183 age- and gender-matched controls. The cyclin D1 genotype distribution among ESCC patients was significantly different from that among healthy controls (chi(2) = 7.372, p = 0.025). The G/G genotype was significantly less frequent among ESCC patients (9.2%) than among healthy controls (20.8%) (chi(2) = 7.192, p = 0.007). The G/G genotype significantly reduced risk for the development of ESCC compared to the combination of G/A and A/A genotypes (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 0.37, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.16-0.83). After stratification according to smoking status, the A/A frequency among smoking ESCC (34.3%) and CAC patients (35.7%) was significantly higher than that among smoking healthy controls (18.6%) (chi(2) = 5.426 and 5.599, p = 0.020 and 0.018, respectively). Smokers with the A/A genotype had an about 2-fold increased risk for both of ESCC and CAC compared to the G/A and G/G genotypes, with an adjusted OR of 2.26 in ESCC (95% CI = 1.14-4.49) and of 2.42 in CAC (95% CI = 1.17-4.98). No correlation between the cyclin D1 genotype and development of ESCC or CAC was found among nonsmokers. Determination of the cyclin D1 (G870A) single nucleotide polymorphism may be suitable to identify individuals with increased risk for ESCC or CAC in the northern Chinese population.
Copyright 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.