Family functioning in lesbian families created by donor insemination

Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2003 Jan;73(1):78-90. doi: 10.1037/0002-9432.73.1.78.


The quantitative and qualitative data of this study on family functioning in lesbian donor insemination families reveal that according to both parents and children, the quality of children's relationship with the social mother is comparable to that with the biological mother. Unlike fathers in heterosexual families, the lesbian social mother is as much involved in child activities as is the biological mother. Furthermore, the lesbian social mother has as much authority as does the father in heterosexual families.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child
  • Family Relations*
  • Female
  • Homosexuality, Female / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Insemination, Artificial / psychology*
  • Male
  • Parent-Child Relations*
  • Social Behavior