Epidemiology of traumatic brain injury: a population based study in western Sweden

Acta Neurol Scand. 2003 Apr;107(4):256-9. doi: 10.1034/j.1600-0404.2003.00112.x.


Background: This study on traumatic brain injury (TBI) is based on prospective and retrospective population based data from a head injury register in Borås.

Methods: Data was collected from the hospital emergency unit, the discharge register, the regional neurosurgical clinic and the coroner's records during 1 year. This district is mixed urban and rural with a population of 138 000.

Results: The 753 cases identified represent an incidence of 546 per 100 000 which includes deaths (0.7%), hospital admissions (67%) and attendance at the emergency department in patients not admitted (32%). Males (644 per 100 000), had 1.46 higher overall rate than females (442 per 100 000). The external causes were dominated by fall from same level (31%) and fall from different level (27%) followed by traffic accidents (16%) and persons hit by objects (15%).

Conclusions: The incidence of TBI found in this study is high but well in accordance with earlier published Swedish studies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Brain Injuries / epidemiology*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sweden / epidemiology