Creating a saturated reference map for the apple (Malus x domestica Borkh.) genome

Theor Appl Genet. 2003 May;106(8):1497-508. doi: 10.1007/s00122-003-1209-0. Epub 2003 Apr 2.


The availability of a high quality linkage map is essential for the detection and the analysis of quantitative traits. Such a map should cover a significant part of the genome, should be densely populated with markers, and in order to gain the maximum advantage should be transferable to populations or cultivars other than the ones on which it has been constructed. An apple genetic linkage map has been constructed on the basis of a segregating population of the cross between the cultivars Fiesta and Discovery. A total of 840 molecular markers, 475 AFLPs, 235 RAPDs, 129 SSRs and 1 SCAR, were used for the two parental maps constructed with JoinMap and spanning 1,140 cM and 1,450 cM, respectively. Large numbers of codominant markers, like SSRs, enable a rapid transfer of the map to other populations or cultivars, allowing the investigation of any chosen trait in another genetic background. This map is currently the most advanced linkage map in apple with regard to genome coverage and marker density. It represents an ideal starting point for future mapping projects in Malus since the stable and transferable SSR frame of the map can be saturated quickly with dominant AFLP markers.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Automation
  • Chromosome Mapping*
  • Fruit / genetics*
  • Genetic Linkage
  • Genetic Markers
  • Genome, Plant*


  • Genetic Markers