Thoracoscopic lobectomy for prenatally diagnosed lung lesions

J Pediatr Surg. 2003 Apr;38(4):553-5. doi: 10.1053/jpsu.2003.50120.


Purpose: The aim of this report is to assess the technique and outcome of thoracoscopic lobectomy for asymptomatic prenatally diagnosed lung lesions.

Methods: From June 1999 to March 2002, 14 consecutive asymptomatic patients with a prenatal diagnosis of congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation or pulmonary sequestration, ages 3 to 15 months, underwent postnatal thoracoscopic lobectomy. Single-lung ventilation and controlled pneumothorax with low pressure (4 torr) and low flow (1.0 L/min) were used in all. Follow-up ranged from 4 to 35 months.

Results: All procedures were completed successfully using 3 ports. Rather than using stapling devices or clips, pulmonary vessels were sealed and the fissure completed (when necessary) with the Ligasure thermal energy device. Eleven lesions were on the left (10 lower lobe), and 3 were in the right lower lobe. The mean operating time was 110 minutes. The average hospital stay was 38 hours. There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications.

Conclusions: This is the first report of a completely thoracoscopic technique for pulmonary lobectomy in small children. Thoracoscopic lobectomy is a relatively quick and safe procedure, and the cosmetic result is excellent. Early resection obviates the risk of infection in these lesions.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bronchopulmonary Sequestration / diagnostic imaging
  • Bronchopulmonary Sequestration / embryology
  • Bronchopulmonary Sequestration / surgery*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation of Lung, Congenital / diagnostic imaging
  • Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation of Lung, Congenital / embryology
  • Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation of Lung, Congenital / surgery*
  • Elective Surgical Procedures
  • Female
  • Fetal Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Length of Stay
  • Male
  • Pneumonectomy / methods*
  • Pneumothorax, Artificial
  • Respiration, Artificial
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Thoracoscopy / methods*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Ultrasonography, Prenatal