Microsatellite instability in gastrointestinal tract tumours

Int J Surg Investig. 2000;2(4):267-74.

Abstract

Although a number of studies have documented microsatellite instability (MSI) in gastrointestinal tumours, the clinical significance is uncertain. In this study the MSI status and clinicopathological features were examined in gastric and colorectal tumours. Eighty-four gastrointestinal tumours were examined for MSI. Normal and tumour DNA isolated from the same patients were analysed at five different microsatellite loci. Clinical features of these patients were also collated and compared with MSI status. High level MSI (MSI-H) (as defined by instability in 2 or more microsatellites) was detected in 6 out of 47 (13%) colon tumours and 6 of 37 (16%) gastric tumours. The frequency of MSI-H between these groups was not statistically significant (P = 0.36). There was no significant correlation with patient age or gender, UICC stage, or degree of differentiation of the tumour. This was true both when analysed as a group, as well as when divided into colon and gastric sites. Our results confirm that a proportion of sporadic tumours from the colon and stomach exhibit an MSI-H phenotype. However, there was no significant relationship between the presence of MSI and any of the clinicopathological characteristics studied.

MeSH terms

  • Colonic Neoplasms / genetics
  • Female
  • Gastrointestinal Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Microsatellite Repeats*
  • Middle Aged
  • Phenotype
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Stomach Neoplasms / genetics