Transformational leadership and the mental health team

Adm Policy Ment Health. 2002 Nov;30(2):97-108. doi: 10.1023/a:1022569617123.


Bass's (1990) multifactor model contrasts transformational and transactional styles of leadership with an essentially ineffective style: laissez-faire leadership. This study examines the relationship between these leadership styles and measures of organizational culture and staff burnout in mental health services teams. There were 236 leaders and 620 subordinates from 54 mental health teams who provided their perceptions of leadership style, organizational culture, and burnout in their program. Results show transformational leadership to be positively associated with a cohesive organizational culture and negatively associated with burnout. Moreover, leaders and subordinates differ in their ratings of transformational leadership-leaders viewed themselves more positively. These findings are helpful for understanding the central role of leaders in the organizational structure of teams.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Burnout, Professional* / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Leadership*
  • Mental Health Services / organization & administration*
  • Organizational Culture*
  • Organizational Innovation
  • Patient Care Team / organization & administration*
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Workforce