Daxx has been shown to play an essential in type I interferon (IFN-alpha/beta)-mediated suppression of B cell development and apoptosis. Recently, we demonstrated that Tyk2 is directly involved in IFN signaling for the induction and nuclear translocation of Daxx, which may result in growth arrest and/or apoptosis of B lymphocyte progenitors. To clarify the mechanism of Daxx-mediated apoptosis signaling in B lymphocyte progenitors, here we introduced an efficient suicide switch in a murine pro-B cell line, BAF3, by expressing FK506-binding protein-fused Fas intracellular domain (FKBP-Fas) and Daxx. It allows us to monitor Fas/Daxx-mediated signal by induction of Fas dimerization with the dimerizer drug AP20187. AP20187-mediated Fas dimerization induced not only apoptosis but also Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activation. However, AP20187 had no effect on cells expressing either Fas or Daxx only. Furthermore, expression of a JNK inhibitor, the JNK-binding domain of JIP-1, resulted in resistance to AP20187-mediated apoptosis in cells expressing FKBP-Fas and Daxx. These results imply that our novel suicide switch system may provide a powerful tool to delineate or identify the signaling molecules for Daxx-mediated apoptotic machinery in B lymphocyte progenitors through JNK activation.
Copyright 2003 Published by Elsevier Science B.V. on behalf of the Federation of European Biochemical Societies