The effects of working conditions and antenatal leave for the risk of premature birth in Berlin

Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2003 Nov;269(1):37-9. doi: 10.1007/s00404-003-0487-8. Epub 2003 Apr 4.


Objectives: The influence a job--including its physical and psychological aspects--has on pregnant woman's chances of delivering prematurely.

Methods: Seven hundred and seven women who had given birth participated. Statements regarding her job and its stresses were obtained with a standardised questionnaire.

Results: Two hundred and thirty-seven of the 707 women delivered prematurely (<37 weeks), 471 at term. No increased incidence of premature deliveries was observed in working mothers or found in relation to physical stress. A link was observed due to a mother's dissatisfaction with her job ( p<0.001).

Conclusion: With changes in the workplace and adherence to laws protecting pregnant women, effective factors are in place that help prevent premature births. A prerequisite for this is the pregnant woman's contentment with her work.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Berlin / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Obstetric Labor, Premature / epidemiology*
  • Obstetric Labor, Premature / prevention & control
  • Pregnancy
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Women, Working*
  • Workload*