Body image dissatisfaction among women with scleroderma: extent and relationship to psychosocial function

Health Psychol. 2003 Mar;22(2):130-9.

Abstract

Body image dissatisfaction and its relationship to psychosocial function were investigated in 127 women with scleroderma Results indicated elevated body image dissatisfaction, with participants reporting higher levels than a sample of patients with severe burn injuries. Age, skin tightening above the elbows, and functional disability were related to heightened body image dissatisfaction, suggesting that younger patients with more severe disease may be at greatest risk for developing body image concerns. Path analysis revealed that depression mediated the relationship between body image dissatisfaction and psychosocial function. Results suggest that body image dissatisfaction is a significant concern in women with scleroderma and should be assessed routinely. Early identification and treatment of body image dissatisfaction may help prevent the development of depression and psychosocial impairment in this population.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Body Image*
  • Female
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Pain / diagnosis
  • Pain / etiology
  • Pain Measurement
  • Scleroderma, Localized / epidemiology*
  • Scleroderma, Localized / psychology*
  • Social Adjustment*
  • Somatoform Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Somatoform Disorders / etiology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires