The complete amino acid sequence of the D-glucosaminate dehydratase (GADH) alpha-subunit from Pseudomonas fluorescens was determined by PCR using genomic DNA from P. fluorescens as a template. The alpha-subunit comprises 320 amino acids and has a molecular mass of about 33.9 kDa. The primary structure of the alpha-subunit demonstrates a high similarity to the structures of thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) from many prokaryotes, especially Pseudomonas aeruginosa (identity 85%, positive 91%), Vibrio cholerae (identity 73%, positive 85%), and Escherichia coli (identity 71%, positive 83%). The purified glucosaminate dehydratase alpha(2)-enzyme exhibited NADPH-dependent TrxR activity, while TrxR from E. coli showed pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP)-dependent GADH activity. The TrxR from E. coli suggests that there are three cofactor binding sites, FAD, NADPH, and PLP in the enzyme and that TrxR catalyzes the FAD- and NADPH-dependent oxidation-reduction reaction and the PLP-dependent alpha,beta-elimination reaction.