Oxidative stress in fish (Sparus aurata) as a consequence of food restriction and fasting, has been studied. Four groups of fish were maintained for 46 days under different conditions of food supplementation: a control group with no food restriction (ratio of food/fish of 2% w/w), two groups of animals with restricted food supplement (1 and 0.5%) and a fasting group (no meal addition). Finally, all the fish were provided with food at the same ratio as the control group for the last 7 days. Sampling and weighing of fish were carried out every week and their livers were used for the analysis of known biomarkers of oxidative stress. Malondialdehyde and oxidized glutathione levels increased at the third week in fish with partial or total food deprivation, but these levels returned to normal values when the fish readapted to the control conditions. Antioxidant enzymes were also analyzed and significant increases in superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione reductase and glutathione peroxidase activities were found in parallel with food restriction; however catalase activity decreased in fasting fish. New SOD isoforms were detected by isoelectrofocusing in fish under food restriction at the second week, which disappeared when starved fish returned to the control conditions. These new SOD isoforms were detected before the appearance of other usual oxidative stress biomarkers.