Purpose: Kampo medicine Hangeshashin-to (TJ-14) which contains baicalin, a beta-glucuronidase inhibitor, alleviates diarrhea induced by irinotecan (CPT-11). We conducted a randomized comparative trial to investigate whether support with TJ-14 would prevent and control CPT-11-induced diarrhea.
Methods: Of 44 previously untreated patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer randomized, 41 (18 TJ-14 group, 23 control group) were available for evaluation. The chemotherapy regimen consisted of a combination of cisplatin and CPT-11. TJ-14 (7.5 g/day) was administered orally.
Results: Of the 41 patients, 39 experienced diarrhea. Compared with the control group, the TJ-14 group showed a significant improvement in diarrhea grades ( P=0.044) as well as a reduced frequency of diarrhea grades 3 and 4 (one patient versus ten patients; P=0.018). However, the two groups showed no differences in the frequency of diarrhea or the number of days the symptoms continued. This study was stopped at an interim evaluation.
Conclusion: TJ-14 was effective in preventing and controlling CPT-11-induced diarrhea.