Background and objective: A good metabolic control of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) will likely contribute to a decrease of their cardiovascular (CV) risk. Our aim was (1) to evaluate the degree of metabolic control with regard to glycemia, lipidemia and blood pressure (BP) and (2) to describe the prevalence of hypertension (HT) and hyperlipidemia in DM2 outpatients.
Patients and method: TranSTAR is an on-line, case-control, cross-sectional study, which was performed in outpatient from all around Spain. Data on basal glycemia (BG), glycosilated hemoglobin (A1C), lipid profile, BP and personal history of CV diseases were obtained. The postprandial glycemia (PPG) was measured in a capillary sample at 1-3 hours post-meal. Standards of metabolic control of the Sociedad Española de Diabetes were applied to evaluate the degree of glycemic, lipidemic and BP control.
Results: 371 pairs of patients were studied. In DM2 patients, a bad control was observed in 82.1% (CI 95%, 77.9-86.3) of them according to BG, in 88.4% (85.1-91.7) according to PPG and in 18.8% (14.3-23.3) according to A1C. An insufficient control in lipid profile was noticed in 63.3% (56.6-70.0) and in BP in 69.5% (64.2-74.8). 9.2% (0.9-17.5) and 20.5% (12.8-28.2) DM2 subjects had an unknown HT and hyperlipidemia, respectively.
Conclusion: The rate of DM2 outpatients with a bad metabolic control is very high. The availability of data from our own population should contribute to a better clinical management of these patients.