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. 2003 Apr 11;300(5617):315-8.
doi: 10.1126/science.1082776.

14C Dates From Tel Rehov: Iron-Age Chronology, Pharaohs, and Hebrew Kings

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14C Dates From Tel Rehov: Iron-Age Chronology, Pharaohs, and Hebrew Kings

Hendrik J Bruins et al. Science. .
Free article

Abstract

Stratified radiocarbon dates provide an independent chronological link between archaeological layers and historical data. The invasion by Pharaoh Shoshenq I (Shishak) is a key historical synchronism, approximately 925 B.C.E., mentioned in both Egyptian inscriptions and the Hebrew Bible. The list of places raided by Shoshenq, mentioned at Karnak (Egypt), includes Rehov (Israel). The site yielded a consistent series of radiocarbon dates from the 12th to 9th century B.C.E. Our results (i) suggest a revised Iron-Age chronology; (ii) date an archaeological stratum to Shoshenq's campaign; (iii) indicate the similarity of "Solomonic" and "Omride" pottery; and (iv) provide correlation with Greece and Cyprus.

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