To determine the effect of arthritis on the disposition of flurbiprofen (FP) and its acyl glucuronide (FPG) as well as formation of covalent adducts with plasma protein, a pharmacokinetic study was carried out in adjuvant-induced arthritic (AA) rats. In control animals the pharmacokinetics of FP were stereoselective following intravenous bolus injection of rac-FP: (-)-(R)-FP showed higher plasma clearance (CL(tot)) and shorter mean residence time (MRT) compared to (+)-(S)-FP. The CL(tot) and clearance for the glucuronide formation (CL(glu)) of both enantiomers in AA rats were extremely increased compared to those in control rats. Increased total clearance in AA rats was due, at least in part, to a remarkable increase in the plasma unbound fraction of FP, consistent with a decrease in the plasma albumin level. The yield of covalent binding of FP to plasma protein in AA rats was less than that in controls, being consistent with the decrease in the plasma acyl glucuronide level.
Copyright 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.