This study addresses the spectroscopic properties and reactivity associated with the copper-loaded form of S100B isolated from bovine brain. Copper(II)-S100B displays EPR features typical of a type II copper center and is shown here to exhibit catecholase activity, the two-electron oxidation of catechols. The steady-state kinetics associated with the oxidation of several catecholamines has been probed in order to further characterize this activity. The evidence provided indicates that the catecholase chemistry is copper initiated. Superoxide dismutase has no effect on the rates of catecholamine oxidation catalyzed by Cu-S100B, establishing that superoxide is not produced during this reaction, ruling out an autoxidative mechanism. Addition of catalase to the Cu-S100B reaction with catechols reduces the amount of oxygen consumed by 50%, demonstrating that peroxide is released during this reaction. The release of peroxide is mechanistically distinct from the type III dinuclear copper proteins, catechol oxidase and tyrosinase.