Predicting human minisatellite polymorphism

Genome Res. 2003 May;13(5):856-67. doi: 10.1101/gr.574403. Epub 2003 Apr 14.


We seek to define sequence-based predictive criteria to identify polymorphic and hypermutable minisatellites in the human genome. Polymorphism of a representative pool of minisatellites, selected from human chromosomes 21 and 22, was experimentally measured by PCR typing in a population of unrelated individuals. Two predictive approaches were tested. One uses simple repeat characteristics (e.g., unit length, copy number, nucleotide bias) and a more complex measure, termed HistoryR, based on the presence of variant motifs in the tandem array. We find that HistoryR and percentage of GC are strongly correlated with polymorphism and, as predictive criteria, reduce by half the number of repeats to type while enriching the proportion with heterozygosity >/=0.5, from a background level of 43% to 59%. The second approach uses length differences between minisatellites in the two releases of the human genome sequence (from the public consortium and Celera). As a predictor, this similarly enriches the number of polymorphic minisatellites, but fails to identify an unexpectedly large number of these. Finally, typing of the highly polymorphic minisatellites in large families identified one new hypermutable minisatellite, located in a predicted coding sequence. This may represent the first coding human hypermutable minisatellite.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 21 / genetics
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22 / genetics
  • DNA / genetics
  • Female
  • GC Rich Sequence / genetics
  • Genetic Markers / genetics
  • Genome, Human*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Minisatellite Repeats / genetics*
  • Mutagenesis
  • Nuclear Family
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods
  • Polymorphism, Genetic / genetics*
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Sequence Alignment / methods


  • Genetic Markers
  • DNA